Fungi in the kitchen

Mushrooms are probably the fungi that people know best, especially the champignon. You might even have some in your fridge right now. As part of our diet, they are nutritious and tasty. Read and learn more about the mushrooms you eat, or try to grow your own oyster mushrooms!

ACTIVITY
NUTRITION IN FUNGI
FUNGI PRICES

Why are fungi good in the kitchen?

Fungi prices

White truffles

White truffles

80,000 dkk per kilo

The white truffle, Tuber magnatum pico, is also called the diamond of the kitchen. This mushroom has the strongest of flavors and aromas and a mere gram will thrill your taste buds. It mainly grows in Piedmont in northern Italy where a dog or pig is used to find this expensive mushroom in the ground. Truffles are particularly suited to Italian dishes such as pasta or risotto.

Black truffles

Black truffles

20,000 dkk per kilo

Black truffles have the same intense taste as their more expensive white cousins, only slightly weaker. It is a strange taste, reminiscent of the forest floor, mushrooms and wood, and must be experienced to be appreciated. As with white truffles, these truffles are the fruiting body of a fungus and grow under the ground, so that a dog or pig has to be used to find them. Try either a gram of fresh truffles or truffle oil in a serving of pasta or risotto.

Matsutake

Matsutake

5000 dkk per kilo

Matsutake mushrooms grow in forests over most of the northern hemisphere, but need very specific growth conditions. In the kitchen, they have a very spicy and intense taste which people either love or hate. The mushroom is particularly valued in Japanese culture, where it is even given as a gift, symbolizing fertility and good luck. Try matsutake in Japanese gomoki, a type of classical Japanese “risotto”.

Morels

Morels

5000 dkk per kilo

Morels range from being deadly toxic to being the best of edible fungi. They are highly valued for their fine, unique taste and firm consistency. They have long been a regular ingredient in more sophisticated French gastronomy. One simply needs to remember to prepare the morels as they contain mycotoxins, but these are broken down upon heating. Morels are particularly good in a sauce for a good serving of meat, as seen here.

Karl Johan

Karl Johan

500 dkk per kilo

This is also called the flap mushroom, or porcini mushroom in southern Europe, and was named after the Swedish king Karl Johan XIV, who thought very highly of it. The mushroom can become very large — examples weighing three kilos have been found! Like many other mushrooms, Karl Johan mushrooms taste fantastic in risotto or pasta, but can also be used to make an oily Karl Johan mayonnaise or spread.

Chanterelle

Chanterelle

300 dkk per kilo

The chanterelle is a fine, small yellow mushroom with noticeable gills. Like many of the other edible mushrooms, it is a mycorrhizal fungus, which means it lives symbiotically with trees, growing its mycelium in or around the tree’s roots. The chanterelle’s pleasant taste and lovely texture can be fully appreciated on a piece of toasted bread.

Enoki

Enoki

300 dkk per kilo

The enoki is the most commonly eaten mushroom in Japan. It has a very decorative, long, thin appearance and a mild taste. It is used particularly in Asian cooking, where it is added raw to soups. The classic Japanese dish ramen is often topped with enoki mushrooms.

Shiitake

Shiitake

300 dkk per kilo

The shiitake is one of the few mushrooms that can be cultivated, and has actually overtaken the champignon as the most cultivated mushroom in the world! In fact, it is also possible to grow it at home. It is one of the most popular mushrooms in East Asia where, in China, it has been used in traditional herbal medicines. This mushroom goes particularly well with rice dishes or in a Japanese miso soup.

Kejserhat

Kejserhat

300 kr per kilo

Kejserhatten er i familie med østerhatte og gror over det hele i Sydeuropa og Nordafrika. I forhold til den almindelige østershat har den en mere kødfuld og fast konsistens. Den har svært ved at fordampe, og er derfor rigtig god når den grilles eller steges i en pande med smør. Den kan også anrettes rå sammen med olivenolie, citron, revet parmesanost og salt og peber.

Oyster mushrooms

Oyster mushrooms

150 dkk per kilo

The oyster mushroom is one of the most common edible mushrooms and grows on trees. The mushroom is bright and has very impressive gills, which give it a suggestion of toughness, but which release fluid when cooked. It has no stem and the entire mushroom is edible. You can read below how you yourself can cultivate this delicious mushroom. Oyster mushrooms go well in many dishes — try, for example, a mushroom soup!

Portobello

Portobello

100 dkk per kilo

A portobello mushroom is actually just a large champignon! They belong to the same species and represent just two different stages of development. Portobello mushrooms are typically large and are therefore good to use whole, for example, baked or grilled.

Champignon

Champignon

70 dkk per kilo

The champignon is certain to be the mushroom you know best. It is the fruiting body of the fungus Agaricus bisporus. During its lifetime, it starts off as a white mushroom before becoming brown. Champignons can be cultivated and are often associated with Paris, where they were grown in the catacombs under the city. They can be used in many classic dishes, from omelets to stews to mushroom soup.

Activity: Grow your own oyster mushrooms

Fortunately, you do not need to go out and pay a lot of money for mushrooms. Growing your own oyster mushrooms in used coffee grounds is both entertaining and educational. It is always exciting to reuse our waste so that we can get the most out of it. When growing in coffee grounds, oyster mushrooms use the beneficial nutrients found in the coffee. Read further and test your own skill — in a month’s time you should be having delicious oyster mushrooms for lunch!

This is what you need:

  • Fungal mycelium (can be purchased at many places, including BeyondCoffee)
  • Circa ½ liter fresh coffee grounds
  • A water sprayer
  • Yogurt pot
  • Masking tape

1) The coffee grounds and mycelium are mixed

First of all, a couple of round holes circa 1 cm in diameter are cut in the top of the lid and around the sides of the pot, and these are covered by masking tape so the fungus can still breathe and has a place from which to grow. Mycelium and coffee grounds are mixed well and placed in the bottom of the container. It is important that your hands and the pot are clean, so that no undesirable bacteria come into contact with the coffee grounds. It is also important that the coffee grounds and mycelium are well mixed! Keep the container at room temperature.

2) Mycelium grows in the coffee grounds

The mycelium now begins to grow and you can see the coffee grounds become completely white with fungal mycelium! When the surface starts to become white, pour a new layer of coffee grounds on top and continue until the container is full (circa 3-4 weeks).

3) And so it is served!

When the container is completely full with white coffee grounds, the tape is removed and the container placed in the light. Fungi love damp, so it is important to water them with the sprayer every day. During the course of a week, small oyster mushrooms should grow! When they have grown to a large size, you can harvest them. And so it is served!